Sports Drinks: To Drink or Not to Drink?

Lilah Al-Masri, MS, RD, CSSD, LD

Lilah Al-Masri, MS, RD, CSSD, LD

Simon Bartlett, PhD, CSCS, ATC

Simon Bartlett, PhD, CSCS, ATC

Would you like to learn more about sports drinks? Read a special guest blog post from Lilah Al-Masri, MS, RD, CSSD, LD, and Simon Bartlett, PhD, CSCS, ATC, authors of 100 Questions and Answers about Sports Nutrition & Exercise.

One of the most common questions those with active lifestyles ask is “Should I consume sports drinks during exercise or is water enough?”

Proper beverage selection during exercise is important for athletes of all levels and ages. The general rule of thumb is that an athlete who exercises less than 60 minutes per workout only needs to consume water. Athletes exercising for more than 60 minutes and/or multiple times per day will benefit from a sports drink.

Sports drinks are designed to provide three basic needs:

  1. hydration (water),
  2. energy (calories),
  3. and electrolytes (sodium, chloride, and potassium).

Athletes that are exercising less than 60 minutes normally do not burn enough fuel nor sweat enough to warrant the energy (calories) and electrolytes (sodium, chloride, and potassium) in the sports beverage.

Like the majority of athletes, if you fall into the category of 60 minutes or less per workout then it is necessary to consume water. Water consumption during exercise provides several advantages including:

  1. Regulates body temperature (evaporative cooling)
  2. Promotes waste product removal from the exercising muscle
  3. Helps to prevent injuries
  4. Lubricates joints
  5. Maintains blood flow and oxygen to the exercising muscle
  6. Aids in digestion
  7. Optimizes muscle contraction
  8. Decreases mental and physical fatigue

If your exercise regimen warrants sport drink consumption, then there are several questions to ask before selecting a beverage:

  1. How much energy (calories) does it provide? The beverage should provide a 4% to 8% carbohydrate solution, meaning approximately 15 grams of carbohydrate (50 calories) per 8 ounces.
  2. Are there electrolytes in the beverage? Sodium is the most abundant electrolyte lost in sweat, therefore, the sports drink should contain between 100 and 200 milligrams of sodium per 8-ounce serving in order for it to be effective.
  3. How does is taste – sweet, salty, sour, bitter? Taste buds change during exercise and it is important the beverage complements those changes.
  4. Is the flavor intensity weak or strong? If a flavor is too weak or too strong it may prevent consumption.
  5. Is it appealing or unappealing? Pick a drink that is visually appealing as you will be more likely to consume it.
  6. Is the texture thin or thick? Mouthfeel of the beverage is important.
  7. Should I dilute or concentrate the sports drink? No. A solution that is less or greater than the recommended 4% to 8% may reduce its effectiveness, causing gastrointestinal problems and delaying gastric emptying.
  8. Are energy drinks sports drinks? No.

A variety of formulas and flavors of sports drinks exist on the market to satisfy each athlete’s unique personal preference. Athletes should take the time to experiment (in practice, not competition) with the various beverages on the market to help determine what works best for them.

No matter your athletic endeavor, the following hydration guidelines will improve your performance.

  • Before exercise/competition: Consume 8 to 16 ounces (1 to 2 cups) of fluid 15 to 30 minutes before exercise.
  • During exercise/competition: Consume 5 to 12 ounces (0.5 to 1.5 cups) of fluid every 15 to 20 minutes (sport intensity and environmental conditions may have an effect on how much is consumed).
  • After exercise/competition: Consume 24 ounces (3 cups) of fluid for every pound lost. Weight loss should be minimal.

100 Questions and Answers about Sports Nutrition & ExerciseMore information on sports drinks and hydration can be found in 100 Questions and Answers About Sports Nutrition and Exercise by Lilah Al-Masri, MS, RD, CSSD, LD and Simon Bartlett, PhD, CSCS, ATC.

Do you have a nutrition or exercise question? If so, submit them to adefronzo@jblearning.com . Questions will be answered on a monthly basis.

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October Is National Bullying Prevention Awareness Month

Bullying Prevention Awarness MonthBullying has far-reaching impacts on education, health, wellness, and safety. Created in 2006 by PACER’s National Center for Bullying Prevention, National Bullying Prevention Month raises awareness through events, activities, outreach, and education to reduce and prevent bullying in schools and communities across the country. This year’s theme is “The End of Bullying Begins with Me.”

According to StopBullying.gov,

“Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.”

Bullying also affects young adults and college campuses. StopBullying.gov offers some helpful suggestions for addressing bullying in order to help young adults thrive both socially and academically:

  • Encourage young adults to talk to someone they trust.
  • Determine if the behavior violates campus policies or laws. Review student codes of conduct, state criminal laws, and civil rights laws.
  • Report criminal acts to campus or community law enforcement.
  • Consult the college’s Title IX coordinator to help determine if the behavior is sexual harassment.
  • Many college campuses also have an ombudsperson or similar person who handles a variety of concerns and complaints. He or she can help direct the young adult to appropriate campus resources.
  • Young adults may be reluctant to seek help for cyberbullying, although they do recognize it as a serious issue for their age group. Encourage young adults to report cyberbullying.

Learn more about bullying, harassment, and civil rights:

Please join us in recognizing the importance of preventing bullying in schools, colleges, and communities this and every month.

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Jones & Bartlett Learning Author Wins Prestigious Marjorie Hulsizer Copher Award

Geriatric Nutrition, Fourth EditionWe’re so proud to announce that Ronni Chernoff, author of Geriatric Nutrition: The Health Professional’s Handbook, Fourth Edition, will receive the Marjorie Hulsizer Copher Award later this month at the 2014 Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo™ (FNCE) in Atlanta, GA.

The highest honor presented by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the Copher Award commemorates,

“the early 20th-century pioneer in dietetics who was recognized by the British and French governments for her service in World War I and was chief dietitian at Barnes Hospital in St. Louis.”

Chernoff is being recognized for her distinguished contribution to the dietetics profession. An Academy member since 1968, she served as its president from 1996-1997. In addition, Chernoff received the Academy’s Medallion Award in 2007, the first Award for Excellence in the Practice of Education and Research in 1988, and was selected as the Lenna Frances Cooper Lecturer in 1994.

Read the full press release.

Please join us in congratulating Ronni Chernoff on this outstanding honor!

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Nursing Ethics and Professional Responsibility in Advanced Practice, Second Edition Earns a 5-Star Review

Nursing Ethics and Professional Responsibility in Advanced Practice, Second EditionExcellent news to share– Nursing Ethics and Professional Responsibility in Advanced Practice, Second Edition by Pamela J. Grace just received a 5-star review from Doody’s Review Service. According to reviewer, Colleen E. Tepen, BSN, from Saint Louis University, it “provides a number of practical tools to aid advanced practice nursing professionals (APNs) as they address complex ethical issues encountered in daily practice.”

Read more excerpts from the review:

“This is an excellent reference for graduate nursing students and APNs who seek guidance in the clinical application of ethical decision-making. The author’s unique background as a critical care nurse and a primary care nurse practitioner, as well as her doctor of philosophy with a concentration in medical ethics, well equips her to create a resource that is exceptionally relevant to advanced practice nurses.”

Interested in learning more? Preview a sample chapter now or visit our website.

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Now Available: Health Care USA, Enhanced Eighth Edition Includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access

Health Care USA, Enhanced Eighth Edition Includes Navigate 2 Advantage AccessAre you looking to engage students with the complexities of the U.S. health care system? We recently released Health Care USA: Understanding Its Organization and Delivery, Enhanced Eighth Edition by Harry A. Sultz, DDS, MPH, and Kristina M. Young, MS. Even better, each new print copy includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access that unlocks a comprehensive and interactive eBook, student practice activities and assessments, a full suite of instructor resources, and learning analytics reporting tools. Digital-only access is also sold separately.

Health Care USA: Understanding Its Organization and Delivery, Enhanced Eighth Edition offers a wide-ranging overview of the American health care system for students of health administration, public health, medicine, and related fields. Combining historical perspective with analysis of current trends, this expanded edition charts the evolution of modern American health care, providing a complete examination of its organization and delivery while offering critical insight into the issues that the U.S. health system faces today.

What else makes the Enhanced Eighth Edition special?

  • New chapter on health information technology
  • Thoroughly revised chapter on mental health services including a new discussion of preventive behavioral services and recent developments from the “Freedom Commission on Mental Health”
  • Examines the impact of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (ARRA) and Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA)
  • “Key Terms for Review” at the conclusion of each chapter

Interested in learning more? Preview a sample chapter now or visit our website.

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Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and Application of Research, Third Edition Includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access Now Live

Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses, Third Edition Includes Navigate 2 Advantage AccessDo you want a fresh approach to teaching nursing research using evidence-based practice? Check out the recently published Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and Application of Research, Third Edition by Nola A. Schmidt and Janet M. Brown. What’s more, each new print copy includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access that unlocks a comprehensive and interactive eBook, student practice activities and assessments, a full suite of instructor resources, and learning analytics reporting tools. Digital-only access is also sold separately.

“This is the best textbook I’ve used for undergraduate research in a long time! I love the evidence-based focus.”  Nursing Research Instructor

For evidence-based practice to be successful, nurses need ready access to research and other evidence for critical appraisal, decision-making, and implementing practice changes. The Third Edition meets these needs through its thoughtful approach to understanding evidence-based practice, condensed chapters for easy reading, real-world case studies, and critical thinking exercises.

What else make the Third Edition unique?

  • New chapter on epidemiological designs
  • Updated and expanded “Apply What You Have Learned” feature prompts students to find, read, and evaluate current research
  • “Keeping It Ethical” section ties relevant ethical issues into each chapter
  • Practice questions in every chapter help students test their knowledge as they work through the material
  • Chapter objectives, key terms, and critical thinking exercises help guide and focus study

Can’t wait to learn more? Preview a sample chapter now, visit our website, or attend our upcoming webinar.

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Review: The Effective Health Care Supervisor, Eighth Edition “is an excellent addition to any management library”

The Effective Health Care Supervisor, Eighth EditionGreat news to share– The Effective Health Care Supervisor, Eighth Edition by Charles R. McConnell just earned a perfect score of 100 and 5 stars from Doody’s Review Service. According to reviewer, Cynthia Lee Cummings, RN, MSN, EdD, from the University of North Florida Brooks College of Health, it is “an excellent book on management issues in healthcare.”

Read more excerpts from the review:

“The book covers a wide range of topics, including changing healthcare roles, time management, interviewing, budgeting, and even unions. It includes many critical thinking questions and case studies, which can be discussed with those in a wide variety of disciplines. The book’s exercises could easily be used in any class.

This is an excellent addition to any management library. It is well written, thorough, and covers a wide range of relevant topics. It is a great way to explore supervision and management topics.”

Can’t wait to learn more? Preview a sample chapter now or visit our website.

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ALS Ice Bucket Challenge Brings Awareness to a Little Understood Disease

The Jones & Bartlett Learning Marketing Team taking part in the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge

The Jones & Bartlett Learning marketing team taking part in the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge

Over the past few weeks, the social media phenomenon known as the Ice Bucket Challenge has brought unprecedented attention and awareness for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease.

With everyone from Charlie Rose to Benedict Cumberbatch to our very own teams at Jones & Bartlett Learning taking part in the challenge, the ALS Association reports that since the end of July, “more than 70,000 new donors” have contributed to the cause. According to Barbara Newhouse, President and CEO of The ALS Association,

“We have never seen anything like this in the history of the disease. We couldn’t be more thrilled with the level of compassion, generosity and sense of humor that people are exhibiting as they take part in this impactful viral initiative.”

However, the ALS Association also notes that only about half of the general public fully understands the disease. One result of the Ice Bucket Challenge is the opportunity to explain that it is,

“… a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. Motor neurons reach from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to the muscles throughout the body. The progressive degeneration of the motor neurons in ALS eventually leads to their death. When the motor neurons die, the ability of the brain to initiate and control muscle movement is lost. With voluntary muscle action progressively affected, patients in the later stages of the disease may become totally paralyzed.”

Respiratory Management of ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral SclerosisJones & Bartlett Learning is committed to ALS awareness and education. One key resource is Respiratory Management of ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis by Lee Guion, RRT, MA, the first comprehensive textbook on the assessment and management of respiratory symptoms in ALS and other motor neuron diseases.

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  • Brings together the latest research, expert opinions, and treatment options for respiratory symptom management
  • Provides a detailed, step-by-step approach to assessment of upper and lower airway structures and how motor neuron loss impairs function
  • Treatment options emphasize symptom management and enhanced quality of life
  • Includes palliative care, end-of-life decision making, and long term mechanical ventilation

To learn more about this title, visit our website.

To find out more about ALS or donate, please visit www.alsa.org or www.petefrates.com.

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Congress Introduces Computer Science Education Act

Given the huge demand for highly-trained computer experts and engineers, secondary education is already trending towards a marked increase in computing classes. Now, Congress is considering a bill to help close the skills gap and strengthen our national competitiveness. The bill, currently in the House of Representatives, is the Computer Science Education Act (HR 2536).

studentcomputerIntroduced by Representatives Susan Brooks (R-IN) and Jared Polis (D-CO), this act would remove barriers that make it difficult for states to use Federal funding for computer science education. What’s more, it would not introduce any new programs or mandates, and therefore would remain cost-neutral.

The act amends title IX (General Provisions) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 <link> to include computer science as a core academic subject. “Under the amendment, ‘computer science’ is defined as the study of computers and algorithmic processes, including the study of computing principles, computer hardware and software design, computer applications, and the impact of computers on society.”

Brooks and Polis also included a list of findings that favor stronger computer science education. A few of these findings include:

  • The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that there will be 9,200,000 jobs in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics by the year 2020. Half of these, or 4,600,000 jobs, will be in computing
  • In the 2012-2013 school year, only nine states allowed computer science courses to count toward secondary school core graduation requirements, chilling student interest in computer science courses
  • While students who take the College Board’s AP computer science test are eight times more likely to major in computer science in college, in 2011, only 1 percent of all AP exams were in computer science. The test also highlighted the STEM gender gap with male test takers outnumbering females by four to one

Last week, the bill gained its 100th supporter. With 60 Republicans and 52 Democrats signed on as co-sponsors, the Computer Science Education Act is now the most broadly cosponsored education bill in the House.

The Association of Computing Machinery (ACM) and the Computer Science Teachers Association (CSTA) have already established a four-part curriculum framework that would support the bill’s goals and guide local and state computer science efforts. The first level would be intended for K-8, focusing on basic computer literacy skills. Level two would relate computer science to the modern world. Level three focuses on computer science as analysis and design. Finally, the fourth and optional level would be for advanced high school learners.

As interest continues to grow in computer science, Jones & Bartlett Learning provides a wide selection of texts that improve learning outcomes and provide career readiness. For more information or to view our Computer Science texts, visit jblearning.com/computing.jbl

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5-Star Review for Communication for Nurses: Talking with Patients, Third Edition

Communication for Nurses: Talking with Patients, Third EditionTerrific news– Communication for Nurses: Talking with Patients, Third Edition by Lisa Kennedy Sheldon and Janice Foust earned 5 stars and a perfect score of 100 from Doody’s Review Service. Reviewer, Debra E. Stieve, DNP, MSN, RN, from the Michigan State University College of Nursing, writes that it has a “refreshing style that provides a bridge from content to practice.”

Read more excerpts from the review:

“The book covers a broad spectrum of communication. As a guide, it provides excellent background, examples, and exercises for readers to complete. This is a refreshing style that provides a bridge from content to practice. Every chapter begins with a scenario, then it proceeds with details, reviews how the scenario ends, and ends with exercises and evidence-based research and current references. Some of the chapters have sections that discuss the role of the student nurse in specific situations. This is a great reminder of the unique role of students, who sometimes find themselves in awkward situations which require confidence to communicate their abilities and notify the nurse.

This book provides clear direction regarding appropriate communication in professional nursing. It articulates the unique roles of the professional nurse and the student nurse. It easily links the content to practice by providing scenarios, exercises for readers to reflect on their own biases, and covers not only communication with patients, but also with other healthcare providers. It covers areas that are often viewed as difficult to communicate (end of life, lateral violence), but are necessary for nurses to know.”

Interested in learning more? Preview a sample chapter now or visit our website.

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