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    Amit Chandra

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    Botswana and Human Resources for Health – an Ongoing Dilemma

    Posted by Amit Chandra on May 7, 2012 3:42:04 PM

    This is the first in a two-part blog series from Tarascon Publishing Author, Matthew Dasco, MD, MSc.

    Part 1:

    The world’s burden of disease and human resources for health are not well aligned.  While sub-Saharan Africa has 24% of the world’s disease burden, it only has 3% of the world’s healthcare workers.  On the other end, the Americas region has 10% of the world’s disease burden but 37% of its health workers.

    The Joint Learning Initiative (JLI) has calculated that the minimum number of health care workers (doctors, nurses, and midwives) in a population to achieve and 80% coverage rate of skilled birth attendance and measles vaccination is 2.5 per 1000 – countries with fewer than this number run a very high risk of not achieving the health-related millennium development goals (JLI, 2004).  57 countries in the world have been designated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as in this state of “crisis” with regards to human resources for health, which translates to a global shortage of roughly 2.4 million health workers (WHO, 2006).

    (Chart from Kerry, 2011)

    My first contact with the disparity between disease burden and human resources for health occurred while I was attending on the internal medicine wards at Princess Marina Hospital (PMH) in Gaborone, BotswanaPMH is the largest of two public sector tertiary care referral hospitals in the country.  In our department, there were six general medicine teams, an oncology service, and a nephrology service – each was assigned an internal medicine specialist.  The department consisted of two Cubans (a pulmonologist and a nephrologist), a Chinese generalist, an Indian generalist, a German oncologist, an Egyptian cardiologist, and a smattering of Americans working through university partnerships.  I found it odd that there were only two Batswana internal medicine specialists working there – they were among a very small number that had received specialty training abroad and returned to their home country to practice.

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    Topics: HIV, Tarascon Publishing, UNAIDS, Authors, Joint Learning Initiative (JLI), Princess Marina Hospital (PMH), world's disease burden, Botswana, Global Health Blog, health care workers, Matthew Dacso, World Health Organization (WHO)

    Emergency Medicine in the Developing World

    Posted by Amit Chandra on Dec 12, 2011 10:54:51 AM

    Global Health Blog - December 2011

    I just got back to Botswana after attending the Emergency Medicine in the Developing World conference in beautiful Cape Town, South Africa!  It was exciting to meet so many emergency physicians, residents, paramedics, and nurses from across Africa.  Emergency Medicine (EM) is one of the newest specialties in the world with a 30-year history in the United States, and a 10-year history in South Africa.  EM training programs have recently launched in Ghana, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and in Botswana.  The conference was a good opportunity to compare notes, share experiences, and discuss future collaboration.  We even have our own medical journal now, the African Journal of Emergency Medicine, and my team from Botswana co-authored a paper describing the history of our work:
    Development of Emergency Medicine in Botswana

    Alongside academic EM training programs, we are all working to build acute care, emergency, and pre-hospital services in our respective countries.  The sustainability of these models will depend on the success of our advocacy in demanding these services from the health systems in which we work.  New international campaigns focusing on road traffic injuries (the decade of action for road safety launched this year) and non-communicable diseases will hopefully overlap with and reinforce our efforts...

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    Topics: Global health, Tarascon, Disease, African Journal of Emergency Medicine, Authors, Amid Chandra, Cape Town, diagnostics, Global Health Blog, emergency medicine, Matthew Dacso

    Dr. Amit Chandra & Dr. Matthew Dacso Global Health Blog

    Posted by Amit Chandra on Jun 22, 2011 6:13:21 AM

    Global Health Blog - June 2011

    Greetings from Gaborone, Botswana!

    We, the editors of the Tarascon Global Health Pocketbook, decided to begin our contribution to this blog with a joint introduction and overview of our careers and background in Global Health.  Between the two of us, we have had experiences and collaborated on health research over the past decade in the USA, Canada, Argentina, Peru, India, and Botswana.  We both currently live in Gaborone, Botswana, in Southern Africa.  A middle income-country with a wealth of natural resources, Botswana has been devastated by the global HIV epidemic, and has one of the highest rates of HIV prevalence in the world (24%).  Here, we are working with local partners and institutions to develop the country’s first medical school and build local capacity in HIV primary care.

    Prior to our medical training, we both gained an academic background in Development Studies, a multidisciplinary approach to issues of the developing world.  We took particular interest in the work of Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, whose “Development as Freedom” concept focused on the public sector and public institutions not as bureaucratic regulators, but as guarantors of individual capacities: health, literacy, and democracy.

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    Topics: Authors, Global Health Blog

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